Systemic racism and the disproportionate criminalization of children from indigenous, ethnic and other minority groups in justice systems across the globe

Discrimination due to gender, sexual and gender identity, a gender justice focus.

Discrimination experienced by children and young people affected by migration, including refugees, unaccompanied foreign children and children of foreign parents

Discrimination due to disability, health conditions

Discrimination due to the substance use and abuse

Criminalization of children’s online behaviour

Age limits and status offenses

Ensuring that the voice of the child is heard in child justice systems

Fulfilling children's rights in contexts of legal pluralism

Building resilient child justice systems in times of crises and pandemic

Tackling violence within child justice systems and ensuring child friendly approaches for child victims, offenders and witnesses.