Discrimination due to gender, sexual and gender identity, a gender justice focus.

Discrimination due to one’s gender, sexual orientation or gender identity may target girls, boys and LGBTQIA children. This form of discrimination can manifest in a plethora of ways including verbal harassment, physical and sexual violence, as well as systemically hostile environments fostered by the inaction of Governments, school and community leaders, public discrimination in the form of legal barriers to healthcare, school involvement, and self-determination for girls and LGBTQIA youth in some countries, fuelling mistrust on institutions and academic disengagement. 

Sexual and gender-based violence is a predictor of young girls’ entry into the juvenile justice system. Victims of sex trafficking are often arrested on prostitution charges and punished as perpetrators as opposed to being supported as survivors.[i] LGBTQ youth often face bullying, harassment, lack of access to facilities and neglect creating risk factors that can lead to crime and delinquency and constitute an entry point to the justice system. It is crucial to develop LGBTQ specific policies that include families and communities.

Acting from a place of justice means respecting and safeguarding the ability of children to lead lives with reasonable confidence that their sexual orientation or gender identity will not interrupt or undermine their health, education, or eventual livelihood.


[i] Cf. Fier (Friesland), https://english.wegwijzermensenhandel.nl/Protection/


Disclaimer: Authors are the Global Initiative on Justice with Children with pro-bono support from Baker McKenzie. This section represents one among other positions of some members of the World Congress Consortium and does not necessarily represent the view of all institutions and members  involved.